Alex Singleton

Reader in Geographic Information Science at the University of Liverpool

© 2014. Alex Singleton All rights reserved. About my blog code

London Tribes Mapped


Paul Longley , James Cheshire and I supervised the PhD of Chris Gale over the past couple of years who developed the 2011 Census ONS Output Area Classification.

During development, Paul and I were approached by the Greater London Authority (GLA) to develop a classification for London that mirrored earlier work completed in relation to the 2001 OAC.

The methodology and data input to this classification followed the UK OAC 2011 specification, however, the geographic extent was constrained to Greater London. The advantage of this method, over the application of UK OAC in the context of London is that the clusters formed are more sensitive to geographic context. A full methodological report is available on the GLA website.

The London Output Area Classification can be visualised on the website -

For more information about open geodemographics and to search your LOAC classification see -

Changed Face of GIS - Curriculum Challenges and Reproducible Methods

Keynote given in Dublin, Ireland IRLOGI ( conference on 16th October 2014.

E Resilient Retail

Talk given at the Royal Society, Retail Research and Big Data Meeting – 7th October 2014.

Spatial Analytics with Big Data

Talk given at the University of Leeds, 3rd October 2014.

Transport Map Book

Transport Map Book The Transport Map Books are available for each local authority district in England and present a series of maps related to commuting behaviour. The data are derived from multiple sources including: the 2011 Census, Department for Transport estimates and the results of a research project looking at carbon dioxide emissions linked to the school commute.

All the maps are available to download HERE; and the R code used to create them and the emissions model is on Github.

Travel to work flows

Travel to work flows These data relate to Middle Layer Super Output Area (MSOA) level estimates of travel to work flows by transport mode. The raw data are available from the ONS. For the maps, the flows have been limited to those both originating and terminating within each local authority district.

Accessibility to Services

Accessibility to Services The Department of Transport provide a range of statistics at Lower Layer Super Output Area level about accessibility and connectivity to a series of key services. A subset of variables were mapped.

Emissions associated with the school commute

Emissions These data were generated as part of an ESRC funded project investigating emissions associated with the school commute. The model provides an estimate of the carbon dioxide emitted at Lower Layer Super Output Area level. For full details of the methodology, see the open access paper:

Singleton, A. (2013) A GIS Approach to Modelling CO2 Emissions Associated with the Pupil-School Commute. International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 28(2):256–273.

Car availability and travel to work mode choice

Car These attributes were extracted from the 2011 census data provided by Nomis at Output Area level.

Distance and mode of travel to work

Distance Workplace zones are a new geography for the 2011 census for the dissemination of daytime population statistics. A number of attributes were selected related to transport, and also were downloaded from Nomis.

Geodemographics and Code

Talk given at NUI Maynooth - Code and the City, 3-4 September 2014.